Clearnet

Bandura Communications

Bandura Communications is a placeholder in the RIPE NCC registry.

Currently the following resources are assigned to Bandura Communications:

Organisation ID ORG-BC256-RIPE
AS-SET AS-BANDURA-COMMUNICATIONS-SET
E-Mail noc@mk16.de
Abuse E-Mail ripencc-abuse@mk16.de
Maintainer ID MARK22K-MNT / MK25298-RIPE
Maintainer PGP PGPKEY-699108C7
Maintainer E-Mail m.k@mk16.de
Pingable cn-pingable.byeob.de
Pingable IPv6 2a0e:8f02:21e0::
Pingable IPv6 2a06:a005:1b90::

PeeringDB

Network: https://www.peeringdb.com/net/30905

Organisation: https://www.peeringdb.com/org/33257

Peering

Peering policy: open - every peering is welcome, see peering request

Software: Bird2 (extended messages, graceful restart, enhanced refresh, long-lived graceful restart)

Announced networks

The following networks are distributed by my AS:

This list is always tried to keep up to date.

BGP communities

Communitiy Name Description
65535:65281 no-export do not advertise to any eBGP peers (implemented by bird)
65535:65282 no-advertise do not advertise to any BGP peer (implemented by bird)
65535:65283 no-export-subconfed do not advertise to any eBGP peer or to confederation (implemented by bird)

see RFC1997, RFC8642

Large BGP communities

Output communities

202952:1:(1-9) Latency Community, which specifies the maximum latency.
202952:2:(1-9) Bandwidth Community, which specifies the minimum bandwidth.
202952:3:(1-4) Crypto / Encryption Community, which specifies how the transmitted data is encrypted.
202952:4:(1-17) Region BGP communities for route origin (like in the dn42 wiki but subtracted with 40)
202952:5:1 Connection via tunnel with very low latency and few hops or physical connection outside an IXP
202952:5:2 Connection over Internet Exchange Points (Manually or via router server)
202952:5:3 Connection over Tunnel
202952:5:4 Connection over Virtual Internet Exchange Points (Manually or via router server)
202952:5:5 Unknown type

Downstream communities

202952:6:0 Peer does not accept downstream
202952:6:1 Peer accepts downstream with notification
202952:6:2 Peer accepts downstream without notification
202952:7:1 Learned from downstream and should be annouced to upstreams
202952:7:2 Learned from up-/downstream

see Bird communities, Large BGP communities

Input communities

202952:101:1 Can be used with tunnel class 3 or higher. Prevents a lower local_pref from being set due to the tunnel.

Filters

The following filters are applied to imported routes:

Every route which belongs to this network has a valid ROA and RPKI entry. If this is not the case, I would be grateful if this could be reported to me.

Routing Policy

see BIRD 2.0 User’s Guide 6.3 BGP

bgp_med

bgp_med Description
0 default
+ [1-9] * 20 Bandwidth class
+ [1-5] * 50 Connection type
+ [1-9] * 300 Latency class

bgp_local_pref

bgp_local_pref Description
0 graceful shutdown
100 default
+ 700 Direct peer (AS path length = 1)
- 200 When direct peer (AS path length = 1) and exported to iBGP
+ 200 Connection type 1 and Direct peer (Exported only to iBGP peers with Connection Type 1 or 2)
+ 50 Connection type 2 and Direct peer (Exported only to iBGP peers with Connection Type 1 or 2)
+ 25 Connection type 3 and Direct peer (Exported only to iBGP peers with Connection Type 1 or 2)
- 20 Connection type 3 or higher and not direct peer
+/- manuel configured For example, in case of latency problems or slow connections.

Addresses

Prefix Usage
2a0e:8f02:21e0::/48 Full prefix
- 2a0e:8f02:21e0::/64 Nodes
- - 2a0e:8f02:21e0::/112 Node addresses
- 2a0e:8f02:21e0:e::/64 End users
- 2a0e:8f02:21e0:b::/64 Tunnelbroker
- 2a0e:8f02:21e0:22::/64 Peering prefix (Lily Network)
- 2a0e:8f02:21e0:23::/64 Peering prefix (Lily Network)
2a0e:8f02:21e1::/48 Project zonewalking.de
Prefix Usage
2a06:a005:1b90::/44 Full prefix
- 2a06:a005:1b90::/64 Nodes
- - 2a06:a005:1b90::/112 Node addresses

IXPs

IXP Website Route server?
FogIXP https://fogixp.org/ RS1, RS2
4IXP / 4b42 Internet Exchange Point https://www.4ixp.com/ -
IXP.SU - RS1, RS2
KSKB-IX https://ix.kskb.eu.org/ RS
BGP.Exchange - Dusseldorf https://bgp.exchange/ -
BGP.Exchange - Las Vegas https://bgp.exchange/ -
BGP.Exchange - Fremont https://bgp.exchange/ -
ixp.cat AMS01 https://www.ixp.cat/ -
ixp.cat FRE01 https://www.ixp.cat/ -
ixp.cat LON01 https://www.ixp.cat/ -
MoeIX SEA - RS

Nodes

Name Location Bandwidth Provider Note
arcadia.mk16.de Duesseldorf, Germany 1Gbit/s (shared) First Root UG (haftungsbeschränkt)  
blinky.mk16.de Frankfurt, Germany 100Mbit/s (shared) iFog GmbH  
august.mk16.de Kansas City, USA 100MiB/s August Internet  
ixpsu.mk16.de China 30Mbit/s (shared) IXP.SU weak resources
ixkskb.mk16.de Taiwan 250Mbit/s (shared) IX KSKB weak resources
joey.mk16.de Frankfurt, Germany 1Gbit/s (shared) Joey Julian Koenig  
moeix-sea.mk16.de Seattle, USA 1 Gbits (shared) MoeQing Network Service  

IP addresses of my nodes:

Name IPv6
Anycast 2a0e:8f02:21e0::, 2a06:a005:1b90::
arcadia.mk16.de 2a0e:8f02:21e0::1, 2a06:a005:1b90::1
blinky.mk16.de 2a0e:8f02:21e0::2, 2a06:a005:1b90::2
ixpsu.mk16.de 2a0e:8f02:21e0::4, 2a06:a005:1b90::4
ixkskb.mk16.de 2a0e:8f02:21e0::5, 2a06:a005:1b90::5
joey.mk16.de 2a0e:8f02:21e0::6, 2a06:a005:1b90::6
august.mk16.de 2a0e:8f02:21e0::7, 2a06:a005:1b90::7
moeix-sea.mk16.de 2a0e:8f02:21e0::8, 2a06:a005:1b90::8

Peerings

AS Network Website Note
29632 Netassist http://www.netassist.ua/ Upstream
34927 iFog GmbH https://ifog.ch/ Upstream and Provider
35619 Kevin Buehl https://www.as35619.net/ Upstream
41108 First Root UG (haftungsbeschraenkt) https://www.first-root.com/ Upstream and Provider
47498 FogIXP route server https://fogixp.org/ RS
49697 Joey Julian Koenig https://www.joey-network.de/ Upstream and Provider
50058 August Internet https://august.tw/ Upstream and Provider
114514 KSKB-IX https://ix.kskb.eu.org/ RS
134478 JSMSR https://www.jsmsr.com/ Upstream
142551 Azurite27 Network - Peer
142553 Airs Project Private Network Main https://as142553.zhiccc.net/ Peer
142634 IXP.SU Hangzhou - Upstream, Provider and RS
202888 ZH NETWORK LIMITED https://www.zhnet.co.uk/ Peer
203236 Lily Network https://lilynet.work/ Peer
204508 MLGT https://as204508.mlgt.info/ Peer
204778 Paul Nicholas Lewis https://fr89.uk/ Peer
206016 ezdomain https://as206016.ezdomain.ru/ Upstream
206271 Fatih Unlu https://as206271.netkolik.org/ Peer
206628 EricNet https://as206628.net/ Upstream
207656 Epinatura LLC https://www.urdn.com.ua/ Upstream
210320 ZH Innovation Network https://net.eden-official.co.uk/ Upstream
211509 RUDAKi.NET http://rudaki.net/ Upstream
212232 bgp.tools Route Collector https://bgp.tools/ Export only
212746 Daniel Rieper https://qdaniel.de/ Peer
212895 Johannes Ernst / route64.org https://www.route64.org/ Upstream
213045 Alex Delporte / DED3L-NETWORK https://as213045.net/ Upstream
398057 Evan Pratten https://ewpratten.com/network/ Upstream

MANRS

Bandura Communications is a participant in MANRS. We implement Action 1-4, of which Action 1, 3 and 4 have been confirmed by MANRS. Confirmation of Action 2 by MANRS has been requested. Our participant site can be reached at https://www.manrs.org/participant/4084/.